A review on carbon dioxide mineral carbonation through pH-swing process

Amin Azdarpour, Mohammad Asadullah, Erfan Mohammadian, Hossein Hamidi, Radzuan Junin, Mohammad Afkhami Karaei

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157 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon dioxide (CO2) mineral sequestration technologies are potentially capable of sequestering billion tonnes of CO2 annually. In recent years, pH swing mineral carbonation has received significant attention due to its high potentiality toward CO2 fixation. This review compiles the work conducted by various researchers over the last few years on pH swing mineral carbonation process. In this review, feedstocks used for pH swing process are introduced. The extraction and carbonation steps, as the main steps of pH swing process are critically reviewed. The role of reaction condition on extraction efficiency of calcium and magnesium from feedstocks and the kinetics involved in extraction step are also critically reviewed. The experimental procedures of pH swing and in situ pH swing mineral carbonation using different minerals and industrial wastes are critically discussed. Moreover, the drawbacks of each pH swing process in terms of cost and energy analysis are also discussed in this review.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-630
Number of pages16
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Early online date26 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

This research is financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia under the project No. R.J130000.7842.4F562 and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM); and also the Ministry of Education, Malaysia under the project No. 600-RMI/FRGS/5/3(98/2013); and the Research Management Institute, Universiti Teknologi Mara.


  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Mineral carbonation
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Carbon dioxide
  • pH swing
  • Carbonation efficiency


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