A Systematic Review Examining Socioeconomic Factors in Trials of Interventions for Men that Report Weight as an Outcome

Matthew D. Mcdonald, Kate Hunt, Hamsini Sivaramakrishnan, Joanna Moullin, Alison Avenell, Deborah A. Kerr, Jack M. Birch, Nikos Ntoumanis, Eleanor Quested* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

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9 Citations (Scopus)
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Weight management interventions designed specifically for men have become more common, but the extent to which socioeconomic factors are considered in trials of these interventions is unclear. We synthesised study characteristics, methods and reporting of interventions with a behavioural component for men that report weight as an outcome, to establish the extent to which socioeconomic factors are considered during intervention design, conduct and reporting. A comprehensive search was conducted on Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and CENTRAL for studies published from January 2000 to July 2021. Thirty-six trials were included. Educational attainment (n=24) was the most frequently reported socioeconomic characteristic, followed by working status (n=14) and area level deprivation (n=12). Seven studies did not report any socioeconomic characteristics. Most studies (n=20) did not mention the socioeconomic profile of their samples in relation to study strengths or limitations. Few (n=4) consulted with men from lower socioeconomic groups during intervention design. One study examined potential differential intervention effects across socioeconomic groups, with most not powered to do so. Recent feasibility trials (n=3) targeting specific socioeconomic groups suggests a potential nascent towards a greater consideration of factors related to equity. To best inform public health policy related to health inequalities, greater consideration of socioeconomic factors is required in trials of men’s weight management interventions
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13436
Number of pages15
JournalObesity Reviews
Issue number7
Early online date21 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge the Wadjuk Nyungar people as the traditional owners of the land on which Curtin University’s Bentley campus sits and we would like to pay respects to elders’ past, present and future. The authors would like to thank the Curtin University librarians Diana Blackwood and Claire Murphy for their advice on developing the search strategy. The authors also thank Zibu Moyo for his assistance with data extraction checking.

Funding Information: Matthew D McDonald is doing a PhD at Curtin University supported by an Australian Government Research Training Program cholarship. Alison Avenell is employed at the Health Services Research Unit, which is funded by the Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorates. Jack M Birch is supported by the Medical Research Council (MRC) (Grant MC_UU_00006/6).

Data Availability Statement

Additional supporting information may be found in the online version of the article at the publisher's website.


  • Weight Management
  • Inequalities
  • Socioeconomic Characteristics
  • RCT


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