Absolute quantification of superoxide dismutase (SOD) using species-specific isotope dilution analysis

Christian L. Deitrich, Sandra Braukmann, Andrea Raab, Caroline Munro, Barbara Pioselli, Eva M. Krupp, Jane E. Thomas-Oates, Jörg Feldmann

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38 Citations (Scopus)


Here we report for the first time the use of species-specific isotope dilution mass spectrometry for the absolute quantification of a metalloprotein using non-denaturing gel electrophoresis laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (GE-LA-ICP-MS). The concept utilises the intrinsic metals of the metalloprotein for labelling of the isotopically labelled spike (Cu-65, Zn-68 SOD). The stability of the metal-protein complex under non-denaturing conditions during 1-D PAGE was confirmed and the performance of the method evaluated. Between 4 and 64 mu g, SOD was quantified with a recovery rate between 82% and 110% in a standard. The use of the isotopically enriched SOD was utilised to identify the extent of orthogonal diffusion in 1-D gel electrophoresis. Orthogonal diffusion of natural and isotopically enriched SOD in the gel can interfere with the correct determination of the isotope ratios. The matrix effect of a cytosolic liver extract on the non-covalently bound copper and zinc in SOD was evaluated and no significant metal loss from the SOD spike was observed. This study represents the first step necessary for establishing and evaluating the use of a species-specific isotope dilution approach for the absolute quantification of SOD in real samples based on the combination of gel electrophoresis and LA-ICP-MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3515-3524
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010


  • isotope dilution mass spectrometry
  • ICP-MS
  • protein quantification
  • superoxide dismutase
  • gel electrophoresis
  • laser ablation
  • speciation analysis
  • gel-electrophoresis
  • mass-spectrometry
  • speciation
  • proteins
  • proteomics
  • isoforms
  • serum
  • HPLC


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