Absorptive apical amiloride-sensitive Na+ conductance in human endometrial epithelium

C J Matthews, Gordon T.A. McEwan, C P Redfern, E J Thomas, B H Hirst

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19 Citations (Scopus)


1. Human endometrial epithelial cells cultured on porous tissue culture supports formed tight, polarized epithelial monolayers with features characteristic of tight epithelia. Endometrial epithelial layers generated significant transepithelial electrical resistance (750 Omega cm2) and potential difference (15.3 mV), with an inward short-circuit current (Isc; 20.5 microA cm-2). 2. The Isc was linearly proportional to the external Na+ concentration and was abolished in the absence of Na+. The Isc was sensitive to apical amiloride. Net 22Na+ flux was in the absorptive apical to basolateral direction and fully accounted for the inward Isc. In addition, apical to basolateral and net 22Na+ transport were reduced in the presence of amiloride. 3. The Isc was also sensitive to addition of ouabain and Ba2+ to the basal solution, consistent with a role for basolateral Na+-K+-ATPase and K+ channels in generation of the current. 4. These data demonstrate that human endometrial epithelial cells in primary culture produce tight, functional monolayers on permeable supports. We provide the first evidence that human endometrial epithelial cells have an inward Isc accounted for by an amiloride-sensitive Na+ conductance. The Na+-absorptive function of the endometrium may provide an appropriate environment for sperm function and embryo growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-52
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Volume513 ( Pt 2)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998


  • Absorption
  • Amiloride
  • Barium
  • Cell Membrane
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Electrophysiology
  • Endometrium
  • Epithelial Cells
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Nitrobenzoates
  • Ouabain
  • Sodium


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