Africa and Intellectual Property Rights for Plant Varieties

Research output: Other contribution


The entry into force of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) on 1 January 1995 reversed Africa’s relationship with intellectual property rights for Plant Varieties. Except for Kenya, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, no other African country had intellectual property rights systems for plant varieties before TRIPS. However, the obligation set out in Article 27.3(b) of TRIPS for all World Trade Organization (WTO) members to protect plant varieties through patents, an effective sui generis system, or a combination of systems, heralded revisions to the intellectual property laws and policies on the continent.
Original languageEnglish
TypeOxford Bibliographies
Media of outputAnnotated Bibliography, Encyclopedia
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
Place of PublicationNew York
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2020

Publication series

NameOxford Bibliographies in International Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Africa and Intellectual Property Rights for Plant Varieties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this