Alkali sorption by C-S-H and C-A-S-H gels Part II. Role of alumina

S. Y. Hong, Fredrik Paul Glasser

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363 Citations (Scopus)


In Part I, it was shown that alkali partition between C-S-H gel and an aqueous phase can be represented by a partition function, R-d, the numerical value of which, at constant temperature, is defined by the Ca/Si ratio. This R-d value is constant or nearly so over wide ranges of NaOH and KOH concentrations up to similar to0.3 M. In the present paper, Al has been introduced to form C-A-S-H gels, and the influence of Al on alkali sorption properties was determined: Approximately 6-7% replacement of Si by Al was used. Microprobe evidence is presented to show that the Al is actually in solid solution. Introduction of Al into C-S-H markedly increases R-d, indicating enhancement of alkali binding. The results underpin and quantify the beneficial effects of alkali binding arising from the introduction of aluminous supplementary cementing materials, such as fly ash, into cement pastes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1101-1111
Number of pages10
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • pore solution
  • alkali sorption
  • C-A-S-H gel
  • sodium
  • potassium
  • AL-27


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