An insight on the polyphase thermal history of the Internal Rif (Northern Morocco) through Raman micro-spectroscopy investigation

Andrea Schito* (Corresponding Author), Achraf Atouabat, David Muirhead, Rocco Calcagni, Roberto Galimberti, Claudia Romano, Amalia Spina, Sveva Corrado

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Micro-Raman spectroscopy on carbonaceous material has been applied to estimate the maximum paleo- temperatures achieved by the Tectono-metamorphic units that constitute most of the backbone of the Internal domain of the Rif orogen in North Morocco. The Internal Rif is composed by the continental deep units of the Sebtides, exhumed at the end of the Alpine cycle, overlained by the Variscan Ghomarides. Both units are trust above the meta-carbonates of the Dorsale Calcaire. In the norther part of the Rif, the Sebtide complex cropping out at the core of the Beni Mezala antiform suffered maximum paleo-temperatures derived from Raman parameters typical of greenschists facies, whereas in the flanks of the antiform the gap in temperatures between Lower Paleozoic (Silurian and Devonian) and Carboniferous Ghomarides probably reflect the temperatures peaks reached during Eo Variscan and Late Variscan phases. Moreover, our data suggest that one of the two analysed units in the Ghomarides always reached higher metamorphic conditions during both Variscan cycles. Further to the south, the increase in maximum temperatures towards the contact with the Beni-Bousera peridotite reflects an Alpine thermal overprinting, probably linked to slab retreat and delamination driven crustal anatexis, accompanied by magma emplacement during the last phases of the Alpine orogenesis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-119
Number of pages16
JournalItalian Journal of Geosciences
Issue number1
Early online date3 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

We are greatly indebted with M.N. Zaghloul for fruitful discussions and for introduce us to Rif geology. We kindly acknowledge the Editor in chief Federico Rossetti, the associated editor Giulio Viola and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive criticisms that improved the original version of this paper.


  • Internal Rif
  • Organic matter
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Variscan orogenesis
  • Alpine thermal event


Dive into the research topics of 'An insight on the polyphase thermal history of the Internal Rif (Northern Morocco) through Raman micro-spectroscopy investigation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this