Anne Brontë and Geology: A Study of her Collection of Stones

Sally Elizabeth Jaspars* (Corresponding Author), Stephen Bowden, Enrique Lozano Diz, Hazel Hutchison

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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This research is focussed on Anne Brontë’s collection of stones, which are housed at the Brontë Parsonage Museum, and how they connect to her time in Scarborough. Obtained during the ‘golden age’ of geology, the collection was recently recharacterized using Raman spectroscopy. In this interdisciplinary study, we explore possible sources of the stones and the different factors that may have influenced Anne to obtain and maintain her collection of stones. The significance of Anne Brontë’s stones and her connections to mineralogy and geology reveal Anne’s interest, knowledge and abilities within these fields.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-112
Number of pages25
JournalBrontë Studies
Issue number2
Early online date19 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Open access via T&F agreement
The authors would like to thank the staff of the Bront€e Parsonage Museum, especially Ann Dinsdale, Sarah Laycock, Emma Littlejohns, Charlotte Craig and Amy Rowbottom (formerly of the Bront€e Parsonage Museum); Ralph O’Connor,
University of Aberdeen; Walter Ritchie, University of Aberdeen; William Zachs;
Edward Chitham; Allan M. Bicket; Clare Flaherty; Jim Middleton, Scarborough
Museums Trust; Jennifer Dunne (formerly of the Scarborough Museums Trust);
Dave Horsley, Scarborough Royal National Lifeboat Institution; UK Hydrographic
Office; The British Library, Boston Spa; the Department of English in the School of Language, Literature, Music and Visual Culture, and the Department Geology and Geophysics in the School of Geosciences at the University of Aberdeen for their
financial assistance for fieldwork; M.J., A.J., and H.J


  • Anne Bronte
  • collection
  • Scarborough
  • geology
  • science
  • stones
  • minerals
  • carnelians
  • raman spectroscopy
  • Museum
  • Rotunda
  • Sir Humphry Davy


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