Artificial intelligence and future warfare: implications for international security

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


Recent developments in artificial intelligence (AI) suggest that this emerging technology will have a deterministic and potentially transformative influence on military power, strategic competition, and world politics more broadly. After the initial surge of broad speculation in the literature related to AI this article provides some much needed specificity to the debate. It argues that left unchecked the uncertainties and vulnerabilities created by the rapid proliferation and diffusion of AI could become a major potential source of instability and great power strategic rivalry. The article identifies several AI-related innovations and technological developments that will likely have genuine consequences for military applications from a tactical battlefield perspective to the strategic level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-169
Number of pages23
JournalDefense & Security Analysis
Issue number2
Early online date24 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Artificial intelligence
  • international security
  • US-China relations
  • future warfare


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