Assessment of self-medication of antibiotics in a Jordanian population

Faleh A Sawair, Zaid H Baqain, Ashraf Abu Karaky, Rasha Abu Eid

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79 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) in a Jordanian population, and to evaluate the sociodemographic factors affecting this behaviour.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 477 patients aged 16-65 years attending the Department of Dentistry, University of Jordan Hospital. Socio-demographic data were collected and interviewees were asked about their SMA behaviour during the last 6 months, the reasons and motives for this behaviour, and the source and dose of the antibiotics were noted.

RESULTS: The prevalence rate of SMA in the sample during the 6 months preceding the interview was 40.7% (194/477). Patients aged 36-55 years and those in the middle-class income group were most likely to perform SMA. SMA was mainly for sore throats, common colds and dental infections, and community pharmacies were the major source (104, 53.6% cases). Amoxicillin was the most commonly used antibiotic, and only 73 (37.6%) patients followed the correct dosage guidelines. Previous experience with similar illness and saving time were the most common reasons for SMA. Ninety-four (19.7%) patients admitted that they consulted another physician to obtain antibiotics when their first physician did not prescribe any.

CONCLUSION: The findings showed that SMA was a frequent practice among Jordanians, signifying the need for an educational campaign on the proper use of antibiotics in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalMedical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Dentistry
  • Drug Utilization
  • Female
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Jordan
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Self Medication
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article


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