Objectives: To better understand the potential impact of hearing impairment (HI) and hearing aid use on emotional vitality and mental health in older adults. Method: We investigated the cross-sectional association of HI with emotional vitality in 1,903 adults aged 76-85 years in the Health ABC study adjusted for demographic and cardiovascular risk factors. Hearing was defined by the speech frequency pure tone average (no impairment < 25 dB, mild impairment 25-40 dB, and moderate or greater impairment > 40 dB). Emotional vitality was defined as having a high sense of personal mastery, happiness, low depressive symptomatology, and low anxiety. Results: Compared with individuals with no HI, participants with moderate or greater HI had a 23% lower odds of emotional vitality (odds ratio [OR] = 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-0.99). Hearing aid use was not associated with better emotional vitality (OR = 0.98; 95% CI: 0.81-1.20). Discussion: HI is associated with lower odds of emotional vitality in older adults. Further studies are needed to examine the longitudinal impact of HI on mental health and well-being.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences|
|Early online date||16 Feb 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2016|
This study was funded by the NIH grant K23DC011279; the Eleanor Schwartz Charitable Foundation; the Triological Society; the Johns Hopkins Institute for Clinical and Translational Research; the NIA contracts N01-AG-6-2101, N01-AG-6-2103, and N01-AG-6-2106; the NIA grant R01-AG028050; the NINR grant R01-NR012459; and the NIA Intramural Research Program.
- Emotional vitality
- Mental health
- Sensory impairment