Association of PICK1 and BDNF variations with increased risk of methamphetamine dependence among Iranian population: a case–control study

Amir Tajbakhsh, Maliheh Alimardani, Mahla Asghari, Soheila Abedini, Sohrab Saghafi Khadem, Abolfazl Nesaei Bajestani, Forough Alipoor, Maryam Alidoust, Amir Savardashtaki, Peyman Hashemian* (Corresponding Author), Alireza Pasdar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Background: Genetic factors play an important role in susceptibility to methamphetamine dependency. In this line, protein that interact with C-kinase-1 (PICK1) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genes are linked to methamphetamine dependence (substance use disorder). Thus, in a case–control study, we investigated the association between polymorphisms of PICK1 and BDNF genes and methamphetamine dependence in an Iranian population. Methods: Total of 235 cases and 204 controls were recruited in a period between 2015 to 2018. The PICK1-rs713729, -rs2076369 and BDNF-rs6265 genotypes were determined via ARMS-PCR assay. Statistical analysis was performed, using SPSS 20.0, PHASE 2.1.1 program as well as SNP Analyzer 2.0. Results: In the present study, two polymorphisms including PICK1-rs713729 (OR 1.38 (CI 1.08–1.52; P-value 0.004) in multiplicative and dominant models, and PICK1-rs2076369 (OR 1.31 (CI 1.10–1.56; P-value 0.002) in multiplicative, dominant and co-dominant models were associated with the risk of methamphetamine abuse. Moreover, haplotype analysis showed a significant association of haplotype AG (OR 2.50 (CI 1.50–4.16; P-value 0.0002) in dominant, recessive and co-dominant models, and haplotype TT (OR 0.67 (CI 0.50–0.91; P-value 0.009) in dominant and co-dominant models with the risk of methamphetamine abuse. None of the polymorphisms in this study had a high level of linkage disequilibrium. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the PICK1 gene polymorphism might affect the risk of methamphetamine dependency in our population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Medical Genomics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was financially supported by the Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (Grant Number: 931681).


  • Addiction
  • And polymorphisms
  • Dopamine pathway
  • Drug abuse
  • Glutamate pathway
  • Substance dependence
  • Substance use disorder (SUD)
  • Variations


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