Objectives: To investigate the possible immunomodulatory and regulatory functions of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and the natriuretic peptide C (NPR-C) receptor in the control of cytokine-stimulated nitric oxide production in primary cultures of human proximal tubular cells.
Methods: Freshly prepared human proximal tubular cells were seeded on plastic plates and allowed to reach confluence. The confluent cells were then incubated with ANF or cyclic((4-23))ANF (C-(4-23)ANF) alone, or preincubated with ANF or C-(4-23)ANF before incubation with the nitric oxide-stimulating combination of cytokines interleukin-1 beta (10 u/ml), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (10 ng/ml) and interferon-gamma (100 u/ml).
Results: In the present series of experiments we have found that incubation of primary cultures of human proximal tubular cells with ANF or C-(4-23)ANF stimulates nitric oxide production dose-dependently, Paradoxically, ANF acting via the NPR-C receptor also inhibits cytokine activation of the enzyme-inducible nitric oxide synthase via a cyclic GMP-independent mechanism. Both of these effects were reproduced by the NPR-C receptor-specific ligand C-(4-23)ANF.
Conclusions: These findings represent novel actions of ANF mediated via the NPR-C receptor. The results also provide a simple model system in which to study the subcellular mechanisms of NPR-C receptor activation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Hypertension|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1995|
- ANF-C RECEPTOR
- NITRIC OXIDE
- CYCLIC GMP