Axial splitting of circular metal tubes

T. Y. Reddy*, S. R. Reid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)


A novel mode of deformation of circular tubes axially compressed on to a die is examined experimentally with regard to its energy absorbing capacity. The tube splits as a number of axial cracks are produced and the strips so formed are bent into curls. The major part of the deformation takes place at a nearly constant load which can be increased by preventing the formation of the curls. A simple upper bound approach is used to estimate this operating load. Compared with axial buckling and the inversion mode, the operating load for a splitting tube is somewhat lower. However, the fact that the stroke is of the order of 90% of the tube length means that the performance as measured by the total energy absorbed is often as good as these two efficient modes of deformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-131
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1986


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