Behaviour of clamp-enhanced palm tendons reinforced concrete

Emmanuel Owoichoechi Momoh, Adelaja Israel Osofero* (Corresponding Author), Oleksandr Menshykov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


Recent studies on affordability and sustainability of building materials have shown that broom fibres derived from the leaflets of oil palm tree have impressive tensile strength but poor bond strength with concrete. Although
bonding has been reported to be improved when the fibres are combined in the form of tendons, the bond-slip failure between the tendons and concrete still compromises composite performance. This study, therefore, investigates the use of hose clamps in increasing slip resistance between oil palm broom fibres (OPBF) tendons and concrete matrix. A total of 64 concrete samples comprising of 46 beams (100x100x500 mm) reinforced with varying areas of OPBF tendons and 18 bond pull – out samples were prepared. The tendon reinforcements were
fitted with hose clamps to improve the bond strength between the concrete and the reinforcement. Spacing between hose clamps was chosen as 45 mm and 85 mm. The flexural strength of the beams was tested under 4-point bending at 28, 56 and 112 days. Test results show improvement in the flexural capacity of the beams as a result of increased slip resistance induced by the hose clamps. Finite element modelling of the behaviour of the OPBF-tendon reinforced concrete was carried out and recommendations were made after ensuring that the ultimate and serviceability limit states are satisfied
Original languageEnglish
Article number127824
Number of pages20
JournalConstruction and building materials
Early online date19 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

The authors wish to thank the Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) of Nigeria for sponsoring this study.


  • Concrete Damage Plasticity
  • OPBF
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Bond pull-out
  • Flexural strength
  • Low-cost housing
  • Finite element analysis
  • Palm fibres


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