Charting the course for a blue economy in Peru: a research agenda

Emma McKinley* (Corresponding Author), Oscar Aller-Rojas, Caroline Hattam, Celine Germond-Duret, Inés Vicuña San Martín, Charlotte Rachael Hopkins, Héctor Aponte, Tavis Potts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


Ocean- and coastal-based economic activities are increasingly recognised as key drivers for supporting global economies. This move towards the “blue economy” is becoming globally widespread, with the recognition that if ocean-based activities are to be sustainable, they will need to move beyond solely extractive and exploitative endeavours, aligning more closely with marine conservation and effective marine spatial planning. In this paper we define the “blue economy” as a “platform for strategic, integrated and participatory coastal and ocean development and protection that incorporates a low carbon economy, the ecosystem approach and human well-being through advancing regional industries, services and activities”. In Peru, while the seas contribute greatly to the national economy, the full potential of the blue economy has yet to be realised. This paper presents the findings of an early career scientist workshop in Lima, Peru, in March 2016. The workshop “Advancing Green Growth in Peru” brought together researchers to identify challenges and opportunities for green growth across three Peruvian economic sectors—tourism, transport and the blue economy with this paper exploring in detail the priorities generated from the “blue economy” stream. These priorities include themes such as marine spatial planning, detailed evaluations of existing maritime industries (e.g. guano collection and fisheries), development of an effective MPA network, support for sustainable coastal tourism, and better inclusion of social science disciplines in understanding societal and political support for a Peruvian blue economy. In addition, the paper discusses the research requirements associated with these priorities. While not a comprehensive list, these priorities provide a starting point for future dialogue on a co-ordinated scientific platform supporting the blue growth agenda in Peru, and in other regions working towards a successful “blue economy”.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2253-2275
Number of pages23
JournalEnvironment, Development and Sustainability
Issue number5
Early online date17 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

The authors of this paper would like to acknowledge the British Council for providing the funding to support the Green Economy workshop, held in Lima, Peru, in March 2016. Additionally, the authors would like to thank the University of Aberdeen, the Universidad Científica Del Sur and the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru for co-organising the workshop. Dr Emma McKinley also acknowledges the financial support provided by the Welsh Government and Higher Education Funding Council for Wales through the Ser Cymru National Research Network for Low Carbon, Energy and Environment.


  • Blue economy
  • Blue growth
  • Marine
  • Society
  • Sustainability


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