China's low-emission pathways toward climate-neutral livestock production for animal-derived foods

Rong Wang, Zhaohai Bai, Jinfeng Chang, Qiushuang Li, Alexander N. Hristov, Pete Smith, Yulong Yin, Zhiliang Tan, Min Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


Animal-derived food production accounts for one-third of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Diet followed in China is ranked as low-carbon emitting (i.e., 0.21 t CO2-eq per capita in 2018, ranking at 145th of 168 countries) due to the low average animal-derived food consumption rate, and preferential consumption of animal-derived foods with lower GHG emissions (i.e., pork and eggs versus beef and milk). However, the projected increase in GHG emissions from livestock production poses great challenges for achieving China's “carbon neutrality” pledge. We propose that the livestock sector in China may achieve “climate neutrality” with net-zero warming around 2050 by implementing healthy diet and mitigation strategies to control enteric methane emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100220
Number of pages3
JournalThe Innovation
Issue number2
Early online date12 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31922080 and 31872403 ), China Agriculture Research System of MOF and MARA and the Hunan province science and technology plan (Grant No. 2022NK2021 ).


  • enteric methane emissions
  • greenhouse gas
  • healthy diet
  • methane mitigation
  • ruminant animals


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