Colorectal cancer and genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1, GSTM1 and GSTT1

Julian Little, Linda Sharp, Lindsey Fiona Masson, Nigel T Brockton, Seonaidh Claire Cotton, Neva Elizabeth Haites, Jamie Cassidy

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58 Citations (Scopus)


Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 is involved in the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are derived from meat intake and tobacco smoking. Expression of the CYP1A1 gene is induced by compounds present in cruciferous vegetables. The glutathione S-transferases play a central role in the detoxification of carcinogens, including PAHs. We investigated the association between colorectal cancer and three variants (CYP1A1*2A, CYP1A1*2C, CYP1A1*4) of the CYP1A1 gene, and homozygosity for the null deletion of the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes, and the joint effects of these genotypes and smoking, meat intake and intake of green leafy vegetables in a population-based study of 264 cases and 408 controls in Northeast Scotland. There was an inverse association with the CYP1A1*4 (m4) variant (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.13-0.70). The OR for the CYP1A1*2C (m2) variant was 1.3 (95% CI 0.59-2.91), which is similar to a combined estimate for previous studies (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.95-1.41). We observed no association with the CYP1A1*2A (m1) variant, or the GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms. Significant interactions between all 3 CYP1A1 variants and meat intake, and between the m1 and m2 variants and intake of green leafy vegetables, were observed. There was no evidence of interaction between CYP1A1 and smoking, and no evidence of interaction between the GSTM1 or GSTT1 polymorphisms and smoking, meat intake, green leafy vegetable intake, CYP1A1 variants or each other.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2155-2164
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number9
Early online date5 Jul 2006
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2006


  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Colorectal Neoplasms
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Female
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genotype
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Scotland
  • colorectal neoplasms
  • cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • GSTM1 protein
  • glutathione S-transferase T1
  • polymorphism


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