Combined GPR and ERT exploratory geophysical survey of the Medieval Village of Pancorbo Castle (Burgos, Spain)

José Paulino Fernández-Álvarez, David Rubio-Melendi (Corresponding Author), Juan Antonio Quirós Castillo, Andrés González-Quirós, David Cimadevilla-Fuente

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25 Citations (Scopus)


Ground-penetrating Radar (GPR) and Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) have been fruitfully employed for archaeological purposes. An area at the Pancorbo medieval site in Burgos (Spain) has been jointly explored by GPR and ERT in the search for the buried remains of the Pancorbo medieval village. After data collection, quality control and merging, a shallow depth of interest was identified and studied in detail. 3D resistivity simulation, considering sensible geometrical structures of the targets helped discover anomalies present in the area. On the other hand, visual GPR inspection was considerably enhanced by trace energy attribute analysis which provided a plan view of the existing anomalies. Two posterior archaeological excavations have a very good correlation between the identified anomalies and the excavated remains. The survey also provides hints for the continuation of the excavation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
Early online dateSept 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017

Bibliographical note

This research was supported by the project “Peasant agency and social complexity in north-western Iberia in the medieval period” (Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and CompetitivenessAEI/FEDER UE HAR2016-76094-C4-2R), the Research Group in Heritage and Cultural Landscapes (Government of the Basque Country, IT931-16) and the Group of Rural Studies (Unidad AsociadaUPV/EHU-CSIC).


  • Archaeology
  • Archaeometry
  • Attribute analysis
  • ERT
  • GPR


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