Competitive effects on steady-state visual evoked potentials with frequencies in- and outside the alpha band

Christian Keitel, Søren K Andersen, Matthias M Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Multiple concurrently presented stimuli are thought to compete for neuronal processing resources. Such competitive stimulus interactions can be investigated by "frequency tagging" each stimulus with an individual temporal frequency. In this case, all stimuli will drive distinct steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs), hence allowing for an assessment of the distribution of processing resources. Here, we investigated whether competitive effects on SSVEP amplitudes are dependent upon the choice of tagging frequency of either the driving stimulus or a close-by competing stimulus. In particular, we were interested whether changes in amplitude are specific to a 10-Hz SSVEP, as it has been suggested that tagging frequencies within the alpha band drive uniquely characterized neural networks. If this was the case, an additional competition might be introduced when two stimuli are tagged with frequencies within the alpha band and thus compete for processing resources in similar networks. Additionally, we tested whether effects on SSVEP amplitude differ when the competing stimulus is tagged with a frequency of 12 Hz that produces a perceptible flicker when compared to an imperceptible 60-Hz flicker. We found a significant decrease in amplitude of 10- and 15-Hz SSVEPs upon presentation of the competing stimulus regardless of its tagging frequency. Our results clearly indicate that an SSVEP with a frequency within the alpha band and a 15-Hz SSVEP show similar sensitivity to effects of competition. Furthermore, the observed effects of competition on SSVEP amplitude occur independently of flicker perceptibility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-495
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Issue number4
Early online date14 Aug 2010
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2010


  • steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)
  • frequency tagging
  • human EEG
  • alpha rhythm
  • biased competition


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