Consensus paper of the WFSBP Task Force on Genetics: Genetics, epigenetics and gene expression markers of major depressive disorder and antidepressant response

Chiara Fabbri, Ladislav Hosak, Rainald Mössner, Ina Giegling, Laura Mandelli, Frank Bellivier, Stephan Claes, David A. Collier, Alejo Corrales, Lynn E. Delisi, Carla Gallo, Michael Gill, James L. Kennedy, Marion Leboyer, Amanda Lisoway, Wolfgang Maier, Miguel Marquez, Isabelle Massat, Ole Mors, Pierandrea MugliaMarkus M. Nöthen, Michael C. O’Donovan, Jorge Ospina-Duque, Peter Propping, Yongyong Shi, David St Clair, Florence Thibaut, Sven Cichon, Julien Mendlewicz, Dan Rujescu*, Alessandro Serretti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a heritable disease with a heavy personal and socio-economic burden. Antidepressants of different classes are prescribed to treat MDD, but reliable and reproducible markers of efficacy are not available for clinical use. Further complicating treatment, the diagnosis of MDD is not guided by objective criteria, resulting in the risk of under- or overtreatment. A number of markers of MDD and antidepressant response have been investigated at the genetic, epigenetic, gene expression and protein levels. Polymorphisms in genes involved in antidepressant metabolism (cytochrome P450 isoenzymes), antidepressant transport (ABCB1), glucocorticoid signalling (FKBP5) and serotonin neurotransmission (SLC6A4 and HTR2A) were among those included in the first pharmacogenetic assays that have been tested for clinical applicability. The results of these investigations were encouraging when examining patient-outcome improvement. Furthermore, a nine-serum biomarker panel (including BDNF, cortisol and soluble TNF-α receptor type II) showed good sensitivity and specificity in differentiating between MDD and healthy controls. These first diagnostic and response-predictive tests for MDD provided a source of optimism for future clinical applications. However, such findings should be considered very carefully because their benefit/cost ratio and clinical indications were not clearly demonstrated. Future tests may include combinations of different types of biomarkers and be specific for MDD subtypes or pathological dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-28
Number of pages24
JournalWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Issue number1
Early online date7 Sept 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • antidepressant
  • genetics-epigenetics
  • Major depression
  • transcriptomics-proteomics


Dive into the research topics of 'Consensus paper of the WFSBP Task Force on Genetics: Genetics, epigenetics and gene expression markers of major depressive disorder and antidepressant response'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this