Controlled salinity-biosurfactant enhanced oil recovery at ambient and reservoir temperatures: an experimental study

Tinuola Udoh, Jan Vinogradov* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, a thorough experimental investigation of enhanced oil recovery via controlled salinity-biosurfactant injection under typical reservoir temperature conditions is reported for the first time. Sixteen core flooding experiments were carried out with four displacing fluids in carbonate rock samples and the improved oil recovery was investigated in secondary, tertiary and quaternary injection modes. The temperature effect on oil recovery during floodings was compared at two temperatures (23 °C and 70 °C) on similar rock samples and fluids using two types of biosurfactants: GreenZyme® and rhamnolipids. The results of this study show that injection of controlled salinity brine (CSB) and controlled salinity biosurfactant brine (CSBSB) improve oil recovery relative
to injection of high salinity formation brine (FMB) at both high and low temperatures. At 23 °C, CSBSB improved oil recovery by 15–17% OIIP compared with conventional FMB injection, and by 4–8% OIIP compared with CSB injection. At 70 ° C, the injection of CSBSB increased oil recovery by 10–13% OIIP compared with injection of FMB, and by 2–6% OIIP compared with CSB injection. Furthermore, increase in the system temperature generally resulted in increased oil recovery, irrespective of the type of the injection brine. The results of this study have demonstrated for the first time the enhanced oil recovery potential of combined controlled salinity brine and biosurfactant applications at temperature relevant to hydrocarbon reservoirs. The results of this study are significant for the design of controlled salinity and biosurfactant flooding in carbonate reservoirs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1077
Number of pages19
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding: This research was funded by Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) grant through Akwa Ibom State University staff development scheme.
Acknowledgments: The assistance of Lateef Akanji and Abb ie Mclaughlin of the University of Aberdeen is highly appreciated. We also appreciate Biotech Processing Supply (Dallas, TX, USA) for the supply of GreenZyme® used in this study. Finally, the financial support of Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) through Akwa Ibom State University is highly appreciated


  • Controlled salinity waterflooding
  • controlled salinity-biosurfactant EOR
  • EOR
  • reservoir conditions
  • controlled salinity waterflooding


Dive into the research topics of 'Controlled salinity-biosurfactant enhanced oil recovery at ambient and reservoir temperatures: an experimental study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this