Lasso peptides are a diverse class of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs). Their proteolytic and thermal stability alongside their growing potential as therapeutics has increased attention to these antimicrobial peptides. With the advent of genome mining, the discovery of RiPPs allows for the accurate prediction of putatively encoded structures, however, MSn experiments only provide partial sequence confirmation, therefore 2D NMR experiments are necessary for characterisation. Multiple MS/MS techniques were applied to two structurally characterized lasso peptides, huascopeptin and leepeptin, and one uncharacterized lasso peptide, citrulassin C, which was not isolable in sufficient quantity for NMR analysis. We have shown that MS2 can be used to elucidate the full amino acid sequences previously predicted with genome mining for this compound class. HCD was able to open the macrocycles and fragment the newly opened linear peptides, confirming the complete amino acid sequences of the characterised lasso peptides. In addition, to determine if this technique could be applied at the earliest stages of the isolation process, we targeted a lasso peptide found by genome mining, citrulassin C, and were able to fully elucidate the amino acid sequence using only MS2 from a semi-crude extract of Streptomyces huasconensis HST28T.
Bibliographical noteSAJ would like to thank the University of Aberdeen for an Elphinstone Scholarship. CC-A thanks CONICYT PFCHA/DOCTORADO BECAS CHILE/2016 (#21160585) fellowship and CONICYT Basal Centre Grant for the Centre for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, CeBiB (FB0001). JFC also thanks CONICYT for a National PhD Scholarship (#21110356) and a Visiting Student Scholarship.
- MICROCIN J25