Debonding along the fixed anchor length of a ground anchorage

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Ground anchorages are the main means of support used for safety aspects in mining and tunnelling industry. Poor installation of ground anchorages can result in partial debonding between the tendon and the grout. The effects of debonding on the load carrying capacity of a model anchorage are examined by pull out tests. The load carrying capacity is found to decrease with increasing length of pre-existing debonding at the tendon–grout interface. The fracture toughness of the tendon–grout and of the ground–grout interfaces is measured over a wide range of mixed-mode loading and the results are used to assess the likelihood of debonding at the interfaces in a ground anchorage system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalEngineering Structures
Early online date29 May 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2014


  • anchorages
  • pull-out tests
  • debonding
  • interface fracture
  • fracture toughness


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