Developing predictive models of excellent and devastating outcome after stroke

John M Reid, Dingwei Dai, Christine Christian, Yvette Reidy, Carl Counsell, Gord J. Gubitz, Stephen J. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: models to predict functional status post-stroke have utility in balancing groups in randomised trials, for outcome comparison between stroke centres and may assist in outcome prediction. This study aimed to develop models of both excellent [modified Rankin score (mRS) 0–1] and devastating outcomes (mRS of 5–6).
Methods: patients admitted with ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke in 2001–02 to the Halifax Infirmary, Canada, were enrolled. Sixteen clinical variables from the first neurological assessment and six radiological variables from the acute CT scan were used to the model outcome at 6 months.
Results: five hundred and thirty-eight stroke patients were enrolled. Thirty per cent had an excellent outcome and 30% had a devastating outcome. Three models of the excellent outcome were developed [area under the receiver operator curve (AUC) 0.866–882] including the variables age, pre-stroke functional status, stroke severity, ability to lift both arms, walk independently, normal verbal Glasgow Coma Scale and leukoaraiosis. Predictive models of the devastating outcome (AUC of 0.859–0.874) included additional variables living alone pre-stroke and total anterior circulation stroke. The simplest models of both outcomes were externally validated (AUC of 0.856–0.885).
Conclusion: this study demonstrates new externally validated predictive models of both excellent and devastating outcomes. Leukoaraiosis was the only independent radiological predictor of both outcomes. Living alone pre-stroke predicted devastating outcome post-stroke.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-564
Number of pages5
JournalAge and Ageing
Issue number4
Early online date22 Mar 2012
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012


  • stroke
  • outcome
  • modelling
  • leukoaraiosis
  • elderly


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