Dietary Shifts in Nepal and its possible impacts on overweight and obesity

Y. P. Subedi, D. Marais, D. Newlands

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract


The nutrition transition involves economic, demographic, dietary and epidemiological shifts, which are each affected by one another.
Patterns and trends of Nepalese transitions are unknown. This study aimed to describe the economic, dietary and obesity shifts in Nepal by identifying economic time-series trends from government databases; dietary trends from food balance sheets and obesity shifts from family health and demographic health surveys. Trends were calculated at five yearly increments from available data from 1970 to 2010.
The average proportion of energy from fat has significantly increased from 13% in 1970 to 17% in 2010 (p<0.05) (Figure 1). Plant fat and sugar are the main contributors to the increased energy intake trends over the 40 years, followed by meat,fish, milk and eggs.
Data shows that overweight and obesity rates have increased from 21% of women to 27% in the urban population.
Nepalese dietary patterns have changed over the past forty years, especially with increased energy from plant fat, sugar and animal products coinciding with increased levels of obesity and overweight, especially in urban areas.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberE320
Number of pages1
JournalProceedings of the Nutrition Society
Issue numberOCE5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013
EventJoint Nutrition Society, Belgian and French Nutrition Societies meeting - , France
Duration: 28 May 201329 Apr 2014


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