Discrete emotions elucidate the effects of crossed-categorization on prejudice

Devin Ray, Diane M. Mackie, Eliot R. Smith, Amanda W. Terman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Three studies integrated crossed-categorization and discrete emotion approaches to prejudice and prejudice reduction. Study 1 made salient crossed-categorization using naturally occurring groups and examined the ability of emotions to account for prejudiced evaluations. Study 2 constructed novel crossed-categorizations in the laboratory to examine the role of appraisal-based emotions in evaluations of crossed-categories. Study 3 crossed gender and sexual orientation, for which elicited discrete emotions predict different evaluative responses than do shared and unshared group memberships alone. In all three studies, discrete emotions were able to account for the effects of crossed-categorization on evaluative measures of prejudice and revealed emotional paths to prejudice reduction which would be obscured by the evaluative measures alone. In Study 3, a discrete emotions approach better predicted evaluations than did shared and unshared group membership alone. These results converge to highlight the importance of discrete emotions in understanding the evaluative implications of crossed-categorization, especially for prejudice reduction. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-69
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • crossed-caregorisation
  • prejudice
  • prejudice reduction
  • intergroup relations
  • emotion
  • discrete emotion


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