Drumlin relief

M. Spagnolo, C.D. Clark, A.L.C. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Drumlin relief is a key parameter for testing predictions of models of drumlin formation. Although this metric is commonly described in textbooks as being of the order of a few tens of metres, our critical review of the literature suggests an average value of about 13. m, but with much uncertainty. Here we investigate a large sample of drumlins (25,848) mapped from a high resolution digital terrain model of Britain, which allowed the identification of extremely shallow drumlins. Results indicate that most drumlins have a relief between 0.5 and 40. m (with a surprisingly low average value of only 7.1. m) a mode of 3.5-4. m, and with 41% of all drumlins characterized by a relief
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-191
Number of pages13
Issue number1
Early online date2 Mar 2012
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


  • glacial geomorphology
  • drumlins
  • morphometry
  • drumlin relief


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