Ductile moment-resisting frames using cold-formed steel sections: an analytical investigation

Alireza Bagheri Sabbagh, Mihail Petkovski, Kypros Pilakoutas, Rasoul Mirghaderi

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36 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an investigation on the potential use of cold-formed steel sections (CFS sections) in moment-resisting frames (MRFs) for seismic applications. The main limitation of CFS sections is the low out-of-plane stiffness of their thin-walled elements which leads to low ductility. The main components of MRFs are beams, beam–column connections and columns. In earthquake resistant MRFs, the beams are designed to provide considerable ductility, whereas the other elements are mainly limited to their elastic range. The performance of a new shape of CFS beam with curved flange is examined analytically and compared with that of conventional shapes. The proposed beam–column connections include through plates which potentially limit the out-of-plane action of the forces transferred through the connections. The behaviour of both individual CFS beam sections and CFS beam–column connections is studied by means of finite element analysis (FEA). The results of the analyses show that the new beam cross sections and connections exhibit a good ductile behaviour, something which cannot be achieved by conventional cold-formed frame elements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)634-646
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Issue number4
Early online date13 Dec 2010
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011


  • cold-formed steel sections
  • beam–column connections
  • moment-resisting frames
  • seismic behaviour


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