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It is widely recognized that ecological dynamics influence evolutionary dynamics, and conversely that evolutionary changes alter ecological processes. Because fragmentation impacts all biological levels (from individuals to ecosystems) through isolation and reduced habitat size, it strongly affects the links among evolutionary and ecological processes such as population dynamics, local adaptation, dispersal and speciation. Here, we review our current knowledge of the eco-evolutionary dynamics in fragmented landscapes, focusing on both theory and experimental studies. We then suggest future experimental directions to study eco-evolutionary dynamics and/or feedbacks in fragmented landscapes, especially to bridge the gap between theoretical predictions and experimental validations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9–25
Number of pages15
Issue number1
Early online date15 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • eco-evo interactions
  • landscape fragmentation
  • local adaptation
  • drift
  • dispersal
  • inter-individual variation
  • experimental evolution
  • spatial modelling
  • omics


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