Effect of Adding Monohydrocalcite on the Microstructural Change in Cement Hydration

Wanawan Pragot, Maria Carballo-Meilan, Lewis McDonald, Chaiwat Photong, Waheed Afzal* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

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This study explored the application of mineral carbonation products in the form of monohydrocalcite (MHC) as a Portland cement additive. This work studied the effect of adding monohydrocalcite on the microstructural change in cement hydration. We investigated the hydration and microstructure development of MHC–cement at different aging times and different MHC mass % values. Chemical composition changes over time were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The hydration behaviors of MHC blended with cement were monitored using thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis (TGA–DTA). The results indicated that the role of MHC in the hydrated cement was enhancing the cement hydration process with may increase the long term strength gain. We also discovered the effect of MHC in term of the long-term chemical reaction and forming the new phase formation of tilleyite in the hydrated MHC cement at long curing ages that was not present in the ordinary Portland cement (OPC) system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36318–36329
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Correction: Correction to “Effect of Adding Monohydrocalcite on the Microstructural Change in Cement Hydration” at https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.2c08229
The authorship has changed: Wanawan Pragot regrettably published the work that she carried out during her Ph.D. at the University of Aberdeen under the supervision of Waheed Afzal where this work had been assisted by (then) post-doc Ara Carballo-Meilan and (then Ph.D. student) Lewis McDonald. Wanawan Pragot regrets her action and wants to correct it. She notes that Chaiwat Photong helped her in proofreading the manuscript before she submitted. We believe that the contribution of Chaiwat Photong does not merit being the first author. The revised order and new additions reflect the contributions.

The Acknowledgment and Author contributions have also been revised as given here.

Author Contributions
The manuscript was written through contributions of all authors. W.P. carried out work and wrote the paper. C.P. reviewed and edited the writing. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.
The authors declare no competing financial interest.

The authors wish to acknowledge Dr. Lewis J. McDonald and Dr. M. Ara Carballo-Meilan to share their experience and give the good advice

Funding Information:
The authors wish to thank the ACEMAC Facility at the University of Aberdeen for Electron Microscopy, the late Dr. Mohammed Imbabi, and Prof. Fred Glasser for fruitful discussions related to carbon capture, mineralogy, and cement chemistry. Wanawan Pragot acknowledges the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Government of Thailand, for providing her a Ph.D. scholarship to study at the University of Aberdeen where the work was carried out.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.=


  • calcite
  • calcium
  • diffraction
  • hydration
  • inorganic carbon compounds


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