Effect of powder characteristics on the sinterability of hydroxyapatite powders

Iain Ronald Gibson, S. Ke, S. M. Best, W. Bonfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of different sintering conditions on the sintered density and microstructure of two different hydroxyapatite (HA) powders was examined. The powder characteristics of a laboratory synthesized HA powder (Lab HA) were low crystallinity, a bimodal particle size distribution, a median particle size of 22 mum and a high specific surface area (SSA) of 63 m(2)/g. By contrast, a commercial calcined HA (commercial HA) was crystalline and had a median particle size of 5 mum and a low SSA of 16 m(2)/g. The different powder characteristics affected the compactability and the sinterability of the two HA powders. Lab HA did not compact as efficiently as commercial HA, resulting in a lower green density, but the onset of sintering of powder compacts of the former was approximately 150 degreesC lower than the later. The effect of compaction pressure, sintering temperature, time and heating rate on the sintered densities of the two materials was studied. Varying all these sintering conditions significantly affected the sintered density of commercial HA, whereas the sintered density of Lab HA was only affected significantly by increasing the sintering temperature.

The Vickers hardness, H-v, of Lab HA was greater than commercial HA for low sintering temperatures, below 1200 degreesC, whereas for higher sintering temperatures the commercial HA produced ceramics with greater values of hardness. These trends can be related to the sinterability of the two materials. (C) 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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