Energy Management in Hybrid Energy Large-Scale MIMO Systems

Rami Hamdi, Elmahdi Driouch, Wessam Ajib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the energy consumption of distributed large-scale MIMO systems made up of a set of remote radio heads (RRHs), each of which is powered by both an independent energy harvesting source and the grid. The grid energy source allows to compensate for the randomness and intermittency of the harvested energy. Hence, the problem of grid power consumption minimization has to be solved by efficiently managing the energy delivered from different sources while satisfying the system requirements in terms of users' quality of service demands. First, this paper solves the optimal offline version of the problem using linear programming. In fact, the main problem is decomposed and heuristically solved in order to deal with the large number of constraints and variables. Since sometimes all the users cannot be served, an iterative link removal algorithm is devised ensuring the feasibility of the problem. Next, we investigate the online energy management problem. We first propose a dynamic programming approach to obtain the optimal online solution but with high complexity. Then, we develop and propose a low complexity heuristic solution based on using the maximal available energy at the batteries. Taking benefits of the characteristics of large-scale MIMO and the modeling of the harvested energy as Markov chains, we devise an efficient online energy management algorithm based on energy prediction. Finally, we propose a heuristic solution for RRH on/off operation with the objective of improving the system energy efficiency. The performance of the proposed algorithms is evaluated by simulations and it is shown that the proposed energy management approaches offer efficient use of nonrenewable energy to compensate the variability of renewable energy in large-scale MIMO systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10183-10193
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017


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