Entrepreneurial Homeworkers

Nam Kyoon N. Kim, Simon C. Parker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Nearly 40% of British self-employees are homeworkers. Using a large representative sample of the UK longitudinal survey data, we explore the determinants of self-employed homeworking, distinguishing between genders. We reject the notion that homeworking is a transitional entrepreneurial state that the self-employed “grow out of”, while establishing that both employer status and business structure play an important role in predicting which self-employed become homeworkers. Our findings also shed light on two outstanding puzzles in entrepreneurship scholarship: why so few of the self-employed create jobs for others, and why on average the self-employed suffer an earnings penalty compared with employees.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1427–1451
Number of pages25
JournalSmall Business Economics
Early online date18 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Open Access via Springer Compact Agreement.


  • homework
  • self-employment
  • Entrepreneurship
  • employers
  • caregiving
  • Self-employment


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