Entropic stochastic resonance of finite-size particles in confined Brownian transport

Hai-Wei Hu, Lin Du* (Corresponding Author), Ai-Li Fan, Zi-Chen Deng, Celso Grebogi

*Corresponding author for this work

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We demonstrate the existence of Entropic Stochastic Resonance (ESR) of passive Brownian particles with finite size in a double/triple-circular confined cavity, and compare the similarities and differences of ESR in the double-circular cavity and triple-circular cavity. When the diffusion of Brownian particles is constrained to the double/triple-circular cavity, the presence of irregular boundaries leads to entropic barriers. The interplay between the entropic barriers, a periodic input signal, the gravity of particles and intrinsic thermal noise may give rise to a peak in the spectral amplification factor and therefore to the appearance of the ESR phenomenon. It is shown that ESR can occur in both double-circular cavity and triple-circular cavity, and by adjusting some parameters of the system the response of the system can be optimized. The differences are that the spectral amplification factor in triple-circular cavity is significantly larger than that in double-circular cavity, and compared with the ESR in double-circular cavity, the ESR effect in triple-circular cavity occurs within a wider range of external force parameters. In addition, the strength of ESR also depends on the particle radius, and smaller particles can induce more obvious ESR, indicating that size effect cannot be safely neglected. The ESR phenomenon usually occurs in small-scale systems where confinement and noise play an important role. Therefore, the mechanism found could be used to manipulate and control nanodevices and biomolecules.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review E
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC, Grant
Nos. 12172291, 11972292) and the 111 Project (No.


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