Environmental change, human resources and organizational turnaround

George A. Boyne, Kenneth J. Meier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    90 Citations (Scopus)


    Research on turnaround has largely focused on the impact of retrenchment and repositioning, and has paid less attention to the impact of changes in the task environment and human resources on recovery from decline. Moreover, all of the empirical research on turnaround has been conducted on private organizations. We develop a new model that is derived from theories of environmental and human resource effects on organizational performance. We apply this model to failing school districts in Texas, and find that turnaround is influenced by changes in the munificence and complexity of task environments, and the appointment of a new chief executive and front-line staff.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)835-863
    Number of pages29
    JournalJournal of Management Studies
    Issue number5
    Early online date17 Feb 2009
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009


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