Establishing a climate target within the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Emma Archer* (Corresponding Author), David O. Obura, Paul Leadley, Almut Arneth, Pete Smith, Akira S Mori

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In late 2021, a range of experts from around the world were approached to provide expert input to the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF)–the new strategic framework under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) that will guide interventions to conserve biodiversity and ecosystem services for the next three decades.
In this opinion piece, appearing as a companion to other opinion pieces addressing selected aspects of the GBF respectively, we discuss the science behind the climate targets and the state of play in international negotiations of the GBF. We conclude by commenting on what might (realistically) be expected in Montreal in December 2022. This opinion piece is based on analyses that were prepared in support of negotiations of the GBF and provided to governments and stakeholders by the CBD (CBD/WG2020/3/INF/11 and CBD/WG2020/4/INF/2/Rev.2) and follow-up work (see that has been made available in the lead-up to the CBD COP-15 to be held in Montreal in December 2022.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0000106
Number of pages6
JournalPLOS Climate
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work.

Competing interests: I have read the journal’s policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: Emma Archer is Editor-in-Chief of PLOS Climate.


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