Expanding the toolbox for dating basaltic lava sequences: 40ar–39 ar dating of silicic volcanic glass from interbeds

Simone Cogliati*, Sarah C. Sherlock, Alison M. Halton, Alena Ebinghaus, Simon P. Kelley, David W. Jolley, Tiffany L. Barry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


40Ar–39Ar dating of glass shards from silicic tuffs of the Ellensburg Formation (NW, USA) interbedding basaltic lavas yielded accurate, precise, reproducible plateau and isochron ages that are within error at the 2σ level. The age-spectra have flat plateaus and the inverse isochrons have atmospheric40Ar/36 Ar at the 2σ level. Ages of 12.00 ± 0.24, 11.37 ± 0.15, 10.67 ± 0.21 and 10.70 ± 0.18 Ma are consistent with the stratigraphy of four of the dated layers; the age of 10.77 ± 0.18 Ma for a fifth layer is at odds with the stratigraphy. This discrepancy arises due to the effect of glass alteration that induced K-and Ar-loss. There is no evidence of excess40Ar or39Ar recoil. The new ages indirectly constrain the timing of eruption of the lavas above and below the ash beds. This demonstrates that volcanic glass from interbeds can be used as an additional tool for indirectly dating basaltic lava sequences, which is independent of the lavas and complementary to other materials. Considering the numerous studies in which volcanic glass failed to provide reliable40Ar–39Ar ages, additional and supportive constraints are still needed to assess the validity of the ages from glass shards.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjgs2019-207
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Issue number1
Early online date15 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research has been funded by The Open University Ar/Ar and noble gas laboratory

Data Availability Statement

Supplementary material: A1 – sample location, stratigraphic position and depositional environments; A2 – electron microprobe information with calibration and sample data; A3 – Ar isotopic data of blanks and samples, data reduction software, J values, criteria for age calculation and images of age spectra and inverse isochrons are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5077705


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