Experiments and simulations of settling cylinders over a wide range of Archimedes numbers

Jinghan Xie, Lijuan Zhang* (Corresponding Author), Menghua Lu, Shanghai University of Science* (Corresponding Author), Jacobus Derksen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Quantitative visualization experiments and particle-resolved simulations of rigid cylindrical particles settling in a Newtonian liquid have been conducted. By varying the viscosity of the liquid – a glycerol-water mixture – as well as the density of the cylinders we were able to cover an Archimedes number range that spans almost 6 orders of magnitude in the experiments. The length over diameter aspect ratio of the cylinders ranged from 2.5 to 20. Cylinders were released vertically and rotated to a stable horizontal orientation in most of the lower viscosity solutions. The time required for reaching a horizontal orientation, as well as the Reynolds number at that stage scale with the Archimedes number and only weakly depend on the aspect ratio. Particle-resolved numerical simulations based on the lattice-Boltzmann
method complement the experimental study and illustrate the relevance of the experimental data as a benchmark for numerical approaches to solid-liquid flow with non-spherical particles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2240-2249
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian journal of chemical engineering
Issue number4
Early online date13 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos.
22078191, 21978165, 22081340412).


  • Solid-liquid flow
  • sedimentation
  • visualization experiments
  • particle-resolved simulation
  • computational fluid dynamics


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