The subtilisin-like macrocyclase PatGmac is produced by the marine cyanobacterium Prochloron didemni. This enzyme is involved in the last step of the biosynthesis of patellamides, a cyanobactin type of ribosomally expressed and post-translationally modified cyclic peptides. PatGmac recognizes, cleaves, and cyclizes precursor peptides after a specific recognition motif comprised of a C-terminal tail with the sequence motif -AYDG. The result is the native macrocyclic patellamide, which has eight amino acid residues. Macrocyclase activity can be exploited by incorporating that motif in other short linear peptide precursors, which then are formed into head-to-tail cyclized peptides. Here, we explore the possibility of using PatGmac in the cyclization of peptides larger than the patellamides, namely, the PawS-derived peptide sunflower trypsin inhibitor-1 (SFTI-1) and the cyclotide kalata B1. These peptides fall under two distinct families of disulfide constrained macrocyclic plant peptides. They are both implicated as scaffolds for drug design due to their structures and unusual stability. We show that PatGmac can be used to efficiently cyclize the 14 amino acid residue long SFTI-1, but less so the 29 amino acid residue long kalata B1.
This work was supported by the Swedish Research Council Formas (#2016-01474; U.G.), by a postdoctoral scholarship from Carl Tryggers Institute, Stockholm (CTS 10:216; S.G.), and partially by a fellowship grant from the EPSRC (No. EP/S027246/1; W.E.H.). We thank Johan Rosengren for help with NMR analysis.