Eye movements in surgery: A literature review

Frouke Hermens, Rhona Hunter Flin, Irfan Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


With recent advances in eye tracking technology, it is now possible to track surgeons’ eye movements while engaged in a surgical task or when surgical residents practice their surgical skills. Several studies have compared eye movements of surgical experts and novices, developed techniques to assess surgical skill on the basis of eye movements, and examined the role of eye movements in surgical training. We here provide an overview of these studies with a focus on the methodological aspects. We conclude that the different studies of eye movements in surgery suggest that therecording of eye movements may be beneficial both for skill assessment and training purposes, although more research will be needed in this field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Eye Movement Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2013


  • eye movements
  • laproscopic surgery
  • skill assessment
  • training


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