Factors affecting the micronutrient status of adolescent girls living in complex agro-aquatic ecological zones of Bangladesh

Gulshan Ara* (Corresponding Author), David C. Little, Abdullah-Al Mamun, Baukje de Roos, Eleanor Grieve, Mansura Khanam, S. M. Tafsir Hasan, Santhia Ireen, Samira Dilruba Ali, Anika Bushra Boitchi, Marjoleine A. Dijkhuizen, Tahmeed Ahmed, Nanna Roos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Inadequate intake of both macro and micronutrients is the major determinant of micronutrient deficiencies in adolescent girls. This study assessed multiple micronutrient status including vitamin D, iron, vitamin A, and urinary iodine concentration among adolescent girls through two seasonal cross-sectional surveys conducted during dry and wet seasons. Mixed-effects linear and logistic regression analysis were conducted to assess associations between micronutrient status, salinity and seasonality. The mean age of the girls was 14 years. Vitamin (OH)D insufficiency was significantly higher in freshwater areas in wet season compared to dry season (wet season: 58% and dry season: 30%, P 
Original languageEnglish
Article number6631
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Early online date24 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

The study was conducted in collaboration with Noakhali Science and Technology University (NSTU), icddr,b, University of Stirling, University of Copenhagen, University of Aberdeen, and the University of Glasgow. We acknowledge with gratitude the commitment of all investigators from all of the collaborating institutes. icddr,b is also grateful to the Governments of Bangladesh, Canada, Sweden, and the UK for providing core support.

This work is funded through the Innovative Methods and Metrics for Agriculture and Nutrition Action (IMMANA) programme, led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). IMMANA is co-funded with UK Aid from the UK government and by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation INV-002962 / OPP1211308. Under the grant conditions of the Foundation, a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Generic License has already been assigned to the Author Accepted Manuscript version that might arise from this submission.


  • Nutrition
  • Public Health


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