Fiber push-out study of a copper matrix composite with an engineered interface: Experiments and cohesive element simulation

J. H. You*, W. Lutz, H. Gerger, A. Siddiq, A. Brendel, C. Höschen, S. Schmauder, Muhammad Amir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


The fiber push-out test is a basic method to probe the mechanical properties of the fiber/matrix interface of fiber-reinforced metal matrix composites. In order to estimate the interfacial properties, parameters should be calibrated using the measured load-displacement data and theoretical models. In the case of a soft matrix composite, the possible plastic yield of the matrix has to be considered for the calibration. Since the conventional shear lag models are based on elastic behavior, a detailed assessment of the plastic effect is needed for accurate calibration. In this paper, experimental and simulation studies are presented regarding the effect of matrix plasticity on the push-out behavior of a copper matrix composite with strong interface bonding. Microscopic images exhibited significant local plastic deformation near the fibers leading to salient nonlinear response in the global load-displacement curve. For comparison, uncoated interface with no chemical bonding was also examined where the nonlinearity was not observed. A progressive FEM simulation was conducted for a complete push-out process using the cohesive zone model and inverse fitting. Excellent coincidence was achieved with the measured push-out curve. The predicted results confirmed the experimental observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4277-4286
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number25-26
Early online date1 Sept 2009
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2009


  • Cohesive zone model
  • Fiber push-out test
  • Fiber-reinforced copper matrix composite
  • Finite element simulation
  • Interface debonding
  • Traction-separation law


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