Gender Stereotypes in UK Children and Adolescents: Changing Patterns of Knowledge and Endorsement

Lara Wood* (Corresponding Author), Jacqui Hutchison, Sheila Jennifer Cunningham, Mhairi Aitken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Across two studies, we investigated gender stereotype knowledge and endorsement in UK schoolchildren, and their impact on academic subject choice. In Study 1, children aged 9–11 (N = 68) and 13–15 (N = 61) completed a newly developed Gender Attribute scale assessing their knowledge and endorsement of gender stereotypes relating to academic subjects and occupations. Participants demonstrated gender stereotype knowledge and endorsement, although significantly higher knowledge than endorsement scores indicated a level of stereotype rejection. Stereotype knowledge was greater in the older age group, and older girls showed significantly higher levels of stereotype rejection than all other groups. In Study 2, children aged 13–15 (N = 165) completed the Gender Attribute scale and provided information on their school subject choices. Patterns of stereotype knowledge and endorsement followed those of Study 1. Subject choice information showed that boys selected significantly more masculine than feminine subjects, while girls chose a similar proportion of each. Further, boys’ level of gender stereotype endorsement predicted their subject choices, while girls’ did not. We suggest that in contemporary UK some progress is being made in relation to girls challenging stereotypes that work against them but that more work is needed to encourage boys into female-dominated disciplines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-789
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
Issue number3
Early online date14 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2022

Data Availability Statement

The data that support the findings of this study are openly available in the Open Science Framework at


  • adolescents
  • careers
  • children
  • development
  • gender
  • schools
  • stereotypes


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