Generation and characterisation of monoclonal antibodies against rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, leucocytes

Linda A. Bowden, G. Edward Rainger, Jason W. Holland, John Knight, Christopher J. Secombes, Andrew F. Rowley*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Monoclonal antibodies were raised against head kidney macrophages of the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Despite the establishment of a significant number of different hybridoma clones, none of these released antibody specific for determinants only found on macrophages. Instead, all the monoclonal antibodies generated reacted with lymphocytes, granulocytes, and monocytes/macrophages, although thrombocytes (the platelet equivalents in fish) and erythrocyces were not recognized by these antibodies. Western blotting of solubilised macrophages revealed that two of the hybridoma lines, designated 21G6 and 21F11, reacted with at least five proteins of 80, 104, 110, 140, and >170 kDa. Immunocytochemistry was performed on histological sections of trout alimentary canal, gill, liver, spleen, and haemoipoietic head kidney using antibodies from several of the hybridoma lines, and all of these showed a similar pattern of reactivity in each tissue. In the alimentary canal, fur example, immunoreactive material was found in the eosinophilic granular cells, blood vessel margins, mucus in the lumen, and in the columnar epithelial cells. In the gills, epithelial cells and blood vessels also showed intense immunoreactive products, while in the liver, such reactivity was localised in the sinusoids and adherent macrophages. Both the spleen and head kidney had largely homogeneous immunoreactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - C Pharmacology Toxicology and Endocrinology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 1997

Bibliographical note

We are grateful to the SmithKline Foundation for partial funding of this project. L.A.B. was supported by a studentship from the Natural Environment Research Council.


  • Granulocyte
  • Leucocyte
  • Macrophage
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Rainbow trout
  • Thrombocyte


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