A pair of enantiomeric sesterterpenoids, (±)-hippolide J (1a and 1b), were isolated from the marine sponge Hippospongia lachne collected from the South China Sea. The racemic mixture was resolved into a pair of enantiomers, (–)-1a and (+)-1b, by chiral HPLC separation. The structures of the enantiomers were determined through ESI-HRMS and NMR spectroscopic analysis, and their absolute configurations were determined by comparison between the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Hippolide J (1) features an unusual bicyclo[4.2.0]octene core and contains three functional groups, namely, a hydroxymethyl group, an α,β-unsaturated γ-lactone fragment, and a characteristic prenyl side-chain. The evaluation of the antifungal activity of (–)-1a and (+)-1b revealed that both show potent antifungal activity against three strains of hospital-acquired pathogenic fungi, namely, Candida albicans SC5314, Candida glabrata 537, and Trichophyton rubrum Cmccftla, with MIC50 (minimum concentration to give 50 % inhibition) values of 0.125–0.25 µg/mL.
The authors thank Professor Jin-He Li (Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences) for identifying the marine sponge. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41576130, 41476121, U1605221, 81225023, 81402844, and 81673315), the Fund of the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (No. 14431901300). We are also grateful for the high-performance computing platform of Jinan University.
- Antifungal agents
- Chiral separation
- Marine sponges
- Natural products