How do children develop a sense of self?

Douglas Martin, Josephine Ross, Sheila Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


From the moment they are born, babies are exposed to information that can teach them about who they are. By touching their own face and body, or by kicking and grabbing things, they start to enjoy the influence of their actions on the world. But it is not until children approach their second birthday that they start to develop a sense of self and are able to reflect on themselves from the perspective of somebody else.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationThe Conversation
PublisherThe Conversation UK
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2016


  • Children
  • Learning
  • Child development
  • Toddlers
  • Self
  • How children learn


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