A noncontact method to identify sparsely distributed plastic pellets is proposed by integrating holography and Raman spectroscopy in this study. Polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) resin pellets with a size of 3 mm located in a 20 cm water channel were illuminated using a collimated continuous wave laser beam with a diameter of 4 mm and wavelength of 785 nm. The same laser beam was used to take a holographic image and Raman spectrum of a pellet to identify the shape, size, and composition of material. Using the compact system, the morphological and chemical analysis of pellets in a large volume of water was performed. The reported method demonstrates the potential for noncontact continuous in situ monitoring of microplastics in water without collection and separation.
Japan Science and Technology Agency SICORP (JPMJSC1705); Natural Environment Research Council (NE/R01227X/1); Kajima Foundation (Overseas research grant); Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (18H03810, 18K13934); Kurita Water and Environment Foundation (17B030).