IL-12 enhances lymphoaccumulation by suppressing cell death of T cells in MRL-lpr/lpr mice

Heping Xu, H. Kurihara, T. Ito, S. Nakajima, E. Hagiwara, H. Yamanokuchi, H. Asari

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    7 Citations (Scopus)


    Lymphoaccumulation occurs in MRL-lpr/lpr mice, because double-negative T cells (DNT cells) cannot be deleted due to their Fas mutation, i.e., lpr. We show here that IL-12 enhances in lymphoaccumulation by suppressing the negative T cells in MRL-lpr/lpr mice. It has been reported that viable DNT cells from MRL-lpr/lpr mice undergo rapid apoptosis in ordinary cell culture without additional stimulation suggesting that unknown in vivo factors other than lpr suppress the apoptosis. In the present study we found that plasma: IL-12p40 monomer and/or homodimer level increased with age in MRL-lpr/lpr but not in MRL-+/+ mice, and the increase in IL-12 correlated well with lymphoaccumulation Requirement of IL-12 in lymphoaccumulation and in suppressed cell death of DNT cells of MRL-lpr/lpr mice was assessed. When an antibody neutralizing IL-12 was injected into old MRL-lpr/lpr mice with high plasma IL-12 level, lymphoaccumulation was diminished. When IL-12p40- or IL-12p70-encoding plasmid was administered to young MRL-lpr/lpr mice before the plasma IL-12 level increases, lymphoaccumulation was enhanced. The ordinary cell culture-induced cell death of DNT cells from MRL-lpr/lpr mice was suppressed in the presence of IL-12. Since DNT cells produce IFN-gamma, a potent inducer of IL-12, the INF-gamma induced-IL-12 may enhance lymphoaccumulation in MRL-lpr/lpr mice. (C) 2001 Academic Press.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)87-95
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001


    • cell death
    • double negative T cells
    • IL-12
    • MRL-lpr/lpr mice
    • lymphoaccumulation
    • LPR MICE
    • IN-VITRO


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