Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) might disturb the sensitive mechanism of cerebral pressure autoregulation. This study examines whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) is impaired in the posterior or anterior circulation of CAA patients. Fifteen patients with known CAA on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 14 age-matched controls were examined with transcranial Doppler. Dynamic CA was assessed in the middle (MCA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) via transfer function phase and gain during respiratory-induced 0.1 Hz oscillations of arterial pressure. Within the patient group, 4 patients showed additional microbleeds in the basal ganglia on the MRI performed within the study (pure CAA vs mixed microbleeds). PCA phase was significantly lower in patients compared with controls (p = 0.018), particularly in patients with pure CAA (p = 0.0034). MCA values showed a similar but non-significant trend towards lower phase in patients with pure CAA. Poorer phase was associated with a higher number of microbleeds on MRI (MCA r = −0.57, p = 0.027; PCA r = −0.52, p = 0.098) and superficial cortical siderosis (PCA: p = 0.0025). In conclusion, dynamic cerebral autoregulation is impaired in patients with CAA. The degree of impairment is associated with the extent of cerebral microbleeds.
- Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
- Cerebral blood flow
- Transcranial Doppler sonography